The Archeological Survey of India conducted a physical survey of the Gyanvapi Mosque last year. After that, they came out with an 839-page report that stated, “There existed a Hindu temple before the construction of the existing structure.”
The Varanasi district court ordered the ASI to investigate whether the mosque was “constructed over a pre-existing structure of a Hindu temple” in July 2023 after Rakhi Singh and the other four ladies submitted a case.
Hindu petitioners in the Kashi Viswanath-Gyanvapi mosque controversy have now petitioned the Supreme Court for a vacation of stay and requested that the ASI examine the object that was found in the mosque’s water tank scientifically.
Additionally, they pleaded with the SC to order the ASI to survey the complex’s sealed areas. The Muslim side asserts that the object discovered there is a fountain, whereas the Hindus declared it to be a Shivling. According to sources, the ASI will carry out a comparable inspection of the tank whenever the court directs it.
7 Things You Should Know Before Verdict
It is expected that the Supreme Court will soon declare the verdict of the Gyanvapi case, and before that, here are the 7 things that you need to know to properly understand the matter:
- The contested location referred to as Gyanwapi Mosque, was formerly known as Vishweshwar temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to certain historical claims, it was constructed in the sixteenth century. On the other hand, some people think that ancient historical texts and scriptures assert that there has always been a temple.
- Although the precise age of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple is difficult to determine, there is a widely held belief that Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the general of Ghurid Sultan Mohammad Gauri, initially demolished it in the 12th century.
- The Vishweshwara temple is thought to have been rebuilt in the sixteenth century by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and a priest by the name of Narayan Bhatta.
- However, the temple was demolished once again in the 17th century, on orders from Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, and the Gyanvapi mosque was erected on top of its remnants in the vicinity of 1669.
- The “first religious parliament” for Hindus took place in New Delhi in 1984. A nationwide resolution was issued by 558 Hindu seers to “lay claim” to three important Hindu sites, including Ayodhya (the birthplace of Lord Ram), Mathura (the birthplace of Lord Krishna), and Varanasi (the site of the reportedly destroyed Kashi Vishwanath temple).
- In 1991, the first lawsuit about the history of the Gyanvapi mosque was filed in Indian courts. In a case filed in a Varanasi Civil Court, priests from Varanasi claimed that the mosque was constructed on top of the old Kashi Vishwanath temple and sought permission to pray inside.
- A new petition asking for an archeological evaluation of the Gyanvapi mosque’s origins was submitted to a Varanasi Civil Court in December 2019, just one month after the Ayodhya ruling.
Now, people from both sides are waiting for the judgment. Followers of Hinduism believe that the verdict of Gyanvapi is in their favor, as there’s no doubt that the mosque was built on the remains of the temple. But only the final verdict will decide the future of Gyanvapi.