The United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNCCC), or Conference of Parties (COP), is held almost every year. The main objective behind conducting this is to reach a global consensus on solutions to the climate catastrophe, like keeping the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, assisting communities who are most vulnerable to the consequences of climate change, and reaching net-zero emissions by 2050.
The first COP Summit was held in Berlin, Germany, in 1995. These conferences serve as the premier worldwide platforms for multilateral debate on issues related to climate change.
One of the biggest and most significant international conferences in 2023, COP28 UAE will be keenly watched globally. It is anticipated that over 70,000 delegates, including heads of state and international leaders, will attend the world’s highest decision-making process on climate issues.
The purpose of this gathering is to foster consensus and accelerate climate action among 197 countries, the EU, and thousands of non-governmental organizations, businesses, youth organizations, and other stakeholders.
What is the COP28 Summit?
Every year, conferences on climate change are organized under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They function as the official gathering of the parties to the UNFCCC (Conference of the Parties, or COP) where they negotiate and decide on measures to address climate change, reduce emissions, and stop global warming.
COP is one of the biggest international gatherings in the world and the highest decision-making body on climate issues is the United Nations Climate Change Conference.
COP 28 Summit Schedule
The COP 28 Summit has already started from Thursday, November 30, 2023, in Dubai until Tuesday, December 12, 2023. In the 28th edition of the climate change conference, PM Narendra Modi will have seven bilateral meetings, be a part of two special initiatives on climate events, and give four speeches.
The summit will focus on the following points:
- Fast-tracking the energy transition and slashing emissions before 2030
- Modifying climate finance by delivering on the old and settling the framework for a new deal on finance
- Putting nature, people, and lives at the heart of climate action and mobilizing for the most inclusive COP ever.
COP 28 Summit Theme
The COP Summit 28, which has already commenced on November 30, 2023, is being held in Dubai. The 2023 COP 28 is organized by the UAE (United Arab Emirates). Every year, the COP Summit is conducted by different countries. India organized COP 2 in 2002.
The summit was held in Delhi. In the ongoing summit, India’s PM Narendra Modi has pitched for organizing the COP summit in 2028. The key themes of COP 28 are emission mitigation targets, financing from developed nations, a focus on industry-led solutions, phasing out fossil fuels, low-carbon innovation, and more.